Robert Indiana was a prominent figure of the American Pop art movement. He was born Robert Clark in New Castle, Indiana and adopted the name of his home state of Indiana after serving in the US military. After receiving his BFA from the Art Institute of Chicago he moved to New York and set up a studio in the Coenties Slip neighborhood of Lower Manhattan. In Coenties Slip, Indiana was an acquaintance with major artists such as Agnes Martin, Jack Youngerman, and Cy Twombly. Indiana’s works were inspired by signs, billboards, and commercial logos that captured themes of American identity and racial injustice. His signature series of LOVE paintings served as the basis for his public LOVE sculptures and the famous 1973 United States Postal Service “LOVE” stamp. In 2008, Indiana created a HOPE image and donated all proceeds from the sale of reproductions to Barack Obama’s presidential campaign.
Indiana’s artwork has been featured in solo and group exhibitions around the world, and can be found in the permanent collections of museums such as the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, the Museum Ludwig in Germany and Austria, and many more. In 2013 the Whitney Museum of American Art hosted: Robert Indiana: Beyond Love, Indiana’s first retrospective.